This is necessary because a non-federal authority may not be able to protect USGS information from disclosure and vice versa, because the USGS may be compelled to disclose information as part of a FOIA application, unless otherwise waived. Data sharing agreements protect against misuse of data and encourage early communication between authorities on issues relating to data processing and use. The draft proposal aims to assist government authorities in concluding agreements to exchange data securely, in a timely and transparent manner. The model is based on the National Data Commissioner`s best practice guide on the application of data sharing principles. The agreement was developed in consultation with stakeholders and builds on existing agreements. The proposal is “independent of the law”, meaning that it can be used for general purposes and is not linked to the next legislation on data availability and transparency. A data sharing agreement is an agreement between a party that has useful data (the broadcaster) and a party that seeks data for research on (the recipient) in which the disclosure provider agrees to share its data with the recipient. These could be two universities that would agree to exchange data to collaborate in the field of research, could include one or more private companies active in research or development, and could even include a government agency that works with a private organization. If the partner is a foreign company that does not accept compliance with U.S. law, agreements must go through the USGS Office of International Programs. .