10 Oct 2021

According to As`ad AbuKhalil and many Lebanese Christians, the agreement severely limited presidential power to the benefit of the Council of Ministers, although there is an ongoing debate about whether that power has been transferred to the Council as a whole or to the prime minister. The president, who had considerable executive power before the deal, was reduced to a figurehead with no real and/or considerable power, as in most parliamentary republics. He also pointed out that the agreement had extended the mandate of the spokesman of the Lebanese Parliament from one year to four years, although the position “remains largely devoid of significant authority.” [10] The Taif Agreement (Arabic: اتاقية الطائااا / ittifāqiyat al-Āā`if) (also the National Reconciliation Agreement or The Document of National Unity) was an agreement, was made to “lay the foundations for the end of the civil war and the return to political normality in Lebanon.” Behind the harmless façade of a transfer of executive prerogatives from a once all-powerful presidency to the Council of Ministers, Taif was reorganizing constitutional powers and apparatuses. It also used a whole new paradigm for a sectarian balance of power by ending the political and symbolic hegemony of the Maronite establishment.