12 Oct 2021

While Thailand has concluded several plurilateral mutual recognition agreements, the ASEAN Agreement on Trade in Goods concluded by ASEAN countries obliges members to apply technical rules in order to facilitate the implementation of all ASEAN sectoral mutual recognition agreements (World Bank 2011). In addition, as a major exporter of agricultural and fishery products, sanitary and phytosanitary issues are of major importance to Thailand. It generally follows the standards of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), the Codex Alimentarius and the International Plant Protection Agreement. However, it has also been reported that animal health standards are sometimes stricter than those set by the OIE. (WTO 2011). The single highest average tariff applied in 2011 in Thailand was 9.8%. While the average tariff applied to agricultural products is higher than that of non-agricultural goods, the high average tariff was applied to beverages and tobacco, clothing, fruits, vegetables and plants. Although Thai exporters have few barriers to exporting, the country`s high import tariffs, which apply even to small domestic production, are barriers to trade (Shiino, K. 2012). The country has imposed a series of regional trade agreements. Among them, Thailand is a founding member of ASEAN, the third largest trading bloc in the world after the European Union (EU), which wants to transform itself into the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) by 2015. During the process, the original ASEAN-6 member countries, including Thailand, have abolished almost all import duties, with a few exceptions, and the other ASEAN-4 countries will be reduced by 2015. Thailand has also concluded bilateral trade agreements with Australia, India, Japan, Laos and New Zealand….