15 Apr 2021

On August 13, 1898, the Spaniards handed Manila over to the Americans. Relations with the Americans quickly strained. [39] On 30 August, Aguinaldo Agoncillo sent instructions that US Major General Wesley Merritt would leave Manila to participate in the peace negotiations between the United States and Spain in Paris. Agoncillo was to be renewed between 10 and 12 on the eve of the next day, and Mr. Pratt then informed me that the admiral had sent him a telegram in response to my request for a written agreement. He said the admiral`s response was that the United States would at least recognize the independence of the Philippines under the protection of the U.S. Navy. The consul added that there was no need for a formal written agreement, for the words of the Admiral and consul of the United States were in fact the most solemn promise that their oral promises and guarantees would be fulfilled and that they should not be classified by Spanish promises or Spanish ideas of a man`s word of honour. In conclusion, the consul said, “The government of North America is a very honest, fair and powerful government._” I then asked The Commander of Peter what the United States might concede to the Filipinos. He said, “The United States is a great and rich nation and does not need colonies.” The financial resources of the juntas were quickly exhausted, with relatively low results. On several occasions, junta agents were forced to pay bribes to close their affairs. In mid-December 1898, the 400,000 $MXN purchased by Aguinaldo from the Spanish were released by Hong Kong banks; What was left was carefully guarded. [43] The junta has argued for funds that the Philippine government has not been able to make available.

[44] The physical and administrative separation of junta members and between the Hong Kong junta and Aguinaldo in the Philippines has fostered a divergence of ideas and policy. Continuous internal rivalries and personal intrigues waste a lot of energy. “Today we have the news of the brilliant achievements of your prestigious leader, General Emilio Aguinaldo, who works ashore with the Americans at sea. You have only reason to be proud of what General Aguinaldo and your compatriots have accomplished and will be under his command. Six weeks ago, when I learned that General Aguinaldo had arrived incognito in Singapore, I searched for him immediately. An hour-long interview convinced me that he was the man for the occasion, and after contacting Admiral Dewey, I arranged for him to join him, as he did in Cavite. The rest, you know.┬áThe admiral took me to his private quarter, and after exchanging the usual greetings, I asked if it was true that he had sent all the telegrams to the Singapore consul, Mr. Pratt, that this gentleman had told me that he had received them as far as I was concerned. The admiral replied in the affirmative and added that the United States had come to the Philippines to protect the natives and free them from the yoke of Spain. He also stated that America was extremely good in terms of territory, income and resources and therefore did not need settlements and finally assured me that I had no reason to doubt the United States` recognition of the independence of the Philippines.